The Effects of Belittling

Posted by: Asa Don Brown on September 27, 2013 4:03 pm

“A strong man cannot help a weaker unless the weaker is willing to be helped, and even then the weak man must become strong of himself; he must, by his own efforts, develop the strength which he admires in another. None but himself can alter his condition.”            ~ James Allen

We most commonly associate abuse with sexual and physical deeds.  Rarely do we consider the ramifications that psychological and emotional abuse can have on the life of another.  “It may be the most common kind of child abuse — and the most challenging to deal with. But psychological abuse, or emotional abuse, rarely gets the kind of attention that sexual or physical abuse receives.” (Blue, 2012, Online)

Psychological and emotional abuse are most commonly associated with intentional or grave harm, but psychological and emotional abuse can be as sneaky as a snake.  If you consider the emotional upheaval that occurs within a person’s being when he/she receive a threat, perceive a threat, or vicariously experience a threat; it is as life shattering as being harmed.   A simple threat can accelerate an individual’s desire to find a place of safety and care.  “Keeping a child in a constant state of fear is abuse…” (Blue, 2012, Online) If a child fears being spanked, and/or some other egregious form of punishment, then you create an environment of fear based parenting. 

Abuse is the intentional or the unintentional emotional fraying of another’s personhood.  It is emotional abuse that can have a dire impact upon a person’s self-esteem and the development of his/her personal ego. It is through this development of the ego that an individual gains an individualistic impression of his/her self-importance and his/her inner person.   

“Childhood abuse may have a range with respect to the degree of severity, intensity, frequency, and longevity endured by a child victim. Abuse can entail ‘physical, emotional, or sexual abuse of children usually by parents, relatives, or caretakers’ (Dorland’s, 2003, p. 8). Abuse may consist of physical maltreatment or language that is belittling, discriminatory, condemning, vilifying, typically uttering statements or words that are personally demeaning; sexual abuse may consist of aggressive behaviors, inappropriate touching or fondling, implied intent of sexual acts, witnessing sexual acts or physical penetration; emotional abuse may consist of the intent to ignore, the intent to corrupt through various acts, isolation, intentional acts of rejection, and terrorizing. Effects of abuse in childhood might consist of the display of aggressive behaviors, an inability to relate or attach to others, establishing inappropriate attachments, an inability to control one’s emotions, commonly displaying mild to severe developmental delay, and/or a significant delay in physiological growth (maturation).” (Brown, 2008, p. 19)


As children, we derive our personal self-esteem, self-worth, and the very nature of our personhood through those who nurture us.  While nature is a major contributor to our personal temperament and resiliency, it is the vice of nurturing that can sway our internal drives.  For example, if you purchase a computer that is fully functioning; you, as the owner, decide whether or not to surf the internet, download files, create programs, add or remove software or hardware, and a host of other tasks related to the ownership of a computer.  Owning a computer is much like raising a child, although you do not own and/or are you the “master” of a child.  You can add or delete programs, create corrupted files, and intentionally or unintentionally commit deeds that are unintended with the rearing of a child. 

What is belittling?  Belittling is the intentional act of making another feel worthless, empty, and dismissed.  It is one of many forms of psychological and emotional abuse.  Belittling another often creates a personal emptiness and void.  It can create a sense of loneliness and despair in the lives of many.  It creates the attitude of “Why should I give a dam, nobody else does?”   When someone belittles another he/she are often trivializing, minimizing, downgrading, running or playing down the personhood of another.  Why does belittling occur?  If a parent is the perpetrator of the act of belittling, he/she may feel insecure, doubtful or lacking confidence in his/her own person.   Thus, the parent sees the child as an extension of his/her own personhood.   In the mind of that insecure parent, he/she perceive that child as a mini-me.  As a mini-me you are incapable of going beyond or achieving successes or failures unimaginable or unattainable to the parent. 

Unfortunately, belittling is not only occurring in the home, but it is occurs in the classroom as well.   While the act is committed by another, the rationale or motivation is frequently associated with the same level of insecurities, self-doubts, anger, hostilities, and personal lack of confidence.  


Belittling can have a most egregious impact upon the life of a child.   “Constantly belittling, threatening or ignoring children can be as damaging to their mental health as physical or sexual abuse.” (Goodwin, 2012, Online) The graver issue with belittling is that it leaves no visible or recognizable scars.  “But, with no bruises to spot, pediatricians, teachers, and family members may have trouble recognizing these and other forms of psychological abuse. Not only are there no obvious physical scars, there is no universally agreed-upon definition of what constitutes psychological maltreatment of children, and a fine line can exist between not-so-great parenting and outright abuse…” (Goodwin, 2012, Online).   Regrettably, there are no uniformed codes of being, or conducting oneself, as a parent.    Moreover, it is important to recognize that belittling is not limited to the home, but occurs frequently on the playground and in the classroom.  Do not dismiss where, when, and/or how belittling is fostered; because the effect of belittling can have the same effect no matter where, when, and/or how it is cultivated.   It is most important to recognize that belittling is abuse and it will have a lifelong effect. 


Unfortunately, the impact of verbal, emotional, and psychological abuse is most commonly overlooked by parents and professionals.   When a child has been traumatically injected any form of abuse, the immediacy of care is essential.   “For a number of children who are traumatized, the need for receiving care following the trauma often goes unrecognized (Kazak et al., 2004; Phillips et al., 2004) or rejected by the parental caregiver. A minimization of the trauma and its effects is common…” (Brown, 2008, p. 10)  whether it is received from the parental caregiver or a professional, the minimization of certain types of abuse occurs.  Parents and professionals minimize the harm as an act to “…shelter and calm the child. It has been commonly assumed that focusing on children’s issues too long will negatively impact their recovery. Therefore, the parental caregiver teaches the child to mask his or her issues. If the traumatic event goes unchecked, it may allow for the child to develop a host of psychological and medical issues (Allen, 2005; Goldsmith et al., 2004; Phillips et al.) which may eventually relate to how he/she interact with others and perceive him/herself.” (Brown, 2008, p. 10)

The urgency for aid is crucial to the child’s recovery.   If you avoid seeking out aid, the child may harbor resentment.  Likewise, the type of aid may, and will vary, depending upon the type, frequency, longevity, and the overall duration of the event.    Furthermore, it is important to recognize that each child will respond and react differently to abuse. 


The greatest challenge for professionals and parents is recognizing the level of abuse or the potential for abuse. Sadly, not all matters are taken seriously, while others are over dramatized, sensationalized or scrutinized.  

As parents and professionals, it is necessary that we take all forms of abuse as serious.  If a child is in distress, whether he/she is displaying extreme anxiety, stress, sorrow or pain, we must offer him or her aid.  The immediacy of aid is essential to the recovery efforts. 


All forms of abuse are considered maltreatment.  Maltreatment may occur intentionally or unintentionally.  “Psychological maltreatment of children can take many forms. It can include chronically belittling, humiliating or ridiculing a child for showing normal emotions. There is also neglect, such as leaving an infant alone in a crib all day, except for feeding or changing.” (Goodwin, 2012, Online).   

The challenge remains that professionals, teachers and parents are at odds when creating a standard definition of abuse.   Consider the following questions: 

  • Is it abusive to allow a child to be entertained by violence?
  • Are children vicariously impacted by abuse?
  • Should children be subjected to name calling or ridicule?
  • Do parents, teachers or coaches have the right to belittle, ridicule or disparage a child’s character?  

In our society, the problem with belittling is that we have made it allowable and permissible.  It has permeated our way of thinking.   We have all known a teacher, coach or instructor who has gotten by with belittling his/her students.  It is not uncommon to have known a parent who has called his/her son or daughter a name out of frustration. In fact, we have witnessed it in situational comedies such as “That 70’s Show.” Red Forman was frequently known to call his son, Eric a “dumb ass.”   While the words may seem playful and mischievous in nature; the longterm and often unintended affects can prove harmful to the person receiving the comments. 

Acknowledging the impact of all forms, levels, and degrees of abuse is essential.  “Research shows the effects of psychological abuse and neglect can be profound and long-lasting, ranging from problems with brain development and a failure to grow properly, to problems with behavior and relating to others.” (Goodwin, 2012, Online).   If a child’s needs go unmet, the child may live a life struggling to overcome the scars related to his/her abuse.  Furthermore, the same child may be inadequately prepared for the common challenges related to adulthood.

It is imperative that you report any egregious (notably bad) forms of abuse or neglect; whether psychological, emotional, physical, or sexual.  The immediacy of care can and will have a direct impact upon the child’s potential recovery.  If you have a questions or concerns, it is recommended that you consult a professional counselor, psychotherapist, or psychologist with your queries.  Remember, it is about the life of a developing child.

Authors:  Asa Don Brown, Ph.D., C.C.C., N.C.C.M.



 Blue, L. (2012) Belittling kids as harmful as beating, Study finds. Retrieved September 24, 2013 from index.html

Brown, A. D. (2008) The effects of childhood trauma on adult perception and worldview. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University, Proquest LLC; 154 pages; AAT 3297512

Goodwin, J. (2012) Mental abuse of kids leaves lifelong scars. Retrieved September 23, 2013 from


*The views expressed by our authors are personal opinions and do not necessarily reflect the views of the CCPA

21 comments on “The Effects of Belittling”

  1. phunceleb says:

    article isn’t only useful but it is additionally really informative. Thank you because you have been willing to share information with us.

  2. Shawn Reeves says:

    The people at whom this belittling is targeted may often feel intimidated, develop low self-esteem, dinosaur game, anxiety, depression, etc.

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    In my opinion, it is a true indicator of a strong person if he is really ready to help those who really need help.

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  9. In fact, everyone needs to overcome their own difficulties, but cannot rely on others.

  10. Wow, that’s helpful. The same thing has happened between me and my 18-year-old son. Like my own father did to me, I fear I am destroying his life. My own personal resilience has been developed. I’m not a narcissist, but I’m teaching my kid the same habit as mine when things don’t go my way or I get angry. Despite my best efforts, my brain is hardwired to react negatively. Thank you for making me realize I need to have a conversation about this with my adolescent. I recently turned fifty.

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  13. Michelle says:

    I totally understand where you are coming from. I often say, if my dad would just die, the hateful, harmful belittling he did to me my whole life would die with him. My dad, I cringe calling him that, has never missed a moment to put me down. I am a single 54 year old girl who has never done anything horrible to deserve such trauma and bullying. I have struggled at jobs whenever someone is ugly to me, I cower and walk off the job. I don’t want to do this, I find it my only escape. Just as when my do- called dad is ugly I walk from him. He threatens me financially, he tks behind my back to my only siblings and plays the victim. She is a narcissistic alcoholic and fuels him. They are great together. I want nothing more than to forget he ever was my dad or existed. He belittles my mother who has dementia. He is a horrible, horrible man. Nobody likes him from extended family to his neighbors on the street. He is a dreaded, nasty, old man of 88 years old who has never had a life, so he finds it recreational enjoyable to take shots at me. I do not dri k, smoke, steal, murder, never been to jail, pretty simple girl who trys harder than anyone I know and it’s never enough. All he thinks about is his money, watching tv and not being bothered by anyone. He has always be emotionally absent. I just want him to go

  14. Code Herb says:

    I consider, what is it — a false way.

  15. Thomas L. says:

    I’m stuck taking care of an 87 year old belittling father that’s done so my hole life .along with another brother that wants absolutely nothing to do with him .can’t blame him one bit. I’m 64 years old . Feeling like I am imprisoned. What to do ?

  16. George says:

    Thanks for this. I have recognized myself doing the same to my 18 year old boy. I imagine I am ruining his life as did my dad to me. For myself , I have built resiliency. I by all means am not a narcissist, however my coping mechanism when things go wrong or when I become frustrated, I teach my child the same habit. I try to stop it but I am wired to lash out with this horrible psychology.. Thanks for letting me know this is something I have to talk about with my teenager. I just turned 50..

  17. Samantha F says:

    It’s very sad when we open up about our past abuses and again an attempt is made to control us and tell us how to be when all we really need to hear is I understand and that must be very hard for you.
    I continue to struggle. I have physical trauma symptoms. My thinking became very distorted as a result of my father’s belittle criticism and controlling behaviour and my mother’s response to it and lack of ability (maybe even desire?) to protect me and understand how this affects a dependent child. I know he was a narcissist and he had his own trauma handed down to him by his father, but still, he never bothered to seek help for himself, just blamed everyone else and was stuck in that, but it doesn’t cure me. I don’t want to punish him, and I work on forgiveness, if only to set myself free. It does affect my relationships with other people. Sometimes I have to remind myself, when I’m having those familiar reactions and my mind starts going off, ‘this is not my father’ and to walk away, remembering that there are many people who can never be pleased and who are programmed to look for people with that people pleasing reaction so they can keep playing the game with them, and get what they want out of them, that is, the power and control game. It’s not a love based mentality. I don’t want to be caught up in that sort of thing anymore, especially with people who I let get really close to me.

  18. Chris farley says:

    Heather thank you for reading my post. I have read your reply several times to let the words sink in. Here I am in 2021 and I am determined to try and move forward. I spoke often with my mother about how my father spoke to and treated me and she said he was badly treated as a child by his parents, but I couldn’t understand why he had treated me the same way. I have held many high profile positions but have always struggled dealing with put downs or strong criticism, this has led me to leave job after job. With the pandemic it has given me time to reflect on what I need to do to move forward, but as for forgiveness, I don’t think I will ever be able to forgive my father. I’ve lost so much due to my lack of confidence, my marriage my kids and my home. All because my father felt the need to put me down at every chance he had. I understand it is down to me to find a way forward, but trying to get rid of a lifetimes worth of low self esteem is difficult. But I will take each day as it comes and do my best. Thank you once again for taking the time to reply.x

  19. Heather says:

    Take the opening quote to heart, Chris. You are 55, so you it’s likely you have at least 20 more years of living to do. Forgive your father for his mistakes and abuses. Doubtless, he came by his parenting-style honestly: It was how he was parented. He didn’t know any better. In any case, the past is gone and there is nothing you can do about it except learn from it. Be honest with yourself about how your father’s moods and behaviour affected you, and if you come up looking less than stellar, then forgive yourself too. We all need more forgiveness. We need to forgive others and ourselves, understanding that change begins with us. Be kind. Be kind to yourself and others. If you made mistakes of which you are now ashamed, take responsibility for those mistakes, as you wish your father would’ve done Just say you are sorry, and if it’s possible, explain to those you hurt that you are going to work on yourself. From now on, you are going to re-examine your attitudes and feelings, instead of thinking “that’s just who I am,” and you are going to try and grow and learn and become the best version of you that you can be. I promise you that if you do these things, the wounds, no matter how deep, will not only heal but they will serve you by making you wise. You will become an asset to yourself and others. You have 20 years, at least, Chris, to become the person you want to be. Others have changed. And so can you.

  20. Chris F says:

    At 55yrs of age, I still struggle with my personal confidence due being constantly belittled by my father as a young teenage boy. Being called stupid and an idiot on an almost daily basis had a long lasting effect on my self esteem and confidence. Being criticised in front of neighbours and older siblings was awful. My father died 17 yrs ago, and I should feel free of him but the fact is, he has left such a massive dent in my persona I don’t think I will ever overcome his emotional abuse.

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