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Recommended Readings

Click Below to read an article On Microaggression featuring CCPA’s Indigenous Director Charity Flemming.Microaggression is form of psychological harm, WR expert says (waterloochronicle.ca)

Macaulay, AC. (2009) Improving Aboriginal Health: How can health professionals contribute? Canadian
Family Physician, 55 (April 2009): 334- 336. Retrieved March 30, 2021 from:

National Aboriginal Health Organization. 2008. Cultural Competency and Safety: A Guide for Health Care
Administrators, Providers and Educators. Ottawa: Author. Combined English and French version.
Retrieved March 30, 2021 from:

Loppie-Reading, C. and Wiens, F. 2009. Health disparities and social determinants of Aboriginal Peoples’
Health. Prince George BC: National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health. Retrieved March 30, 2021
from: http://lfs-ubcfarm.sites.olt.ubc.ca/files/2018/02/Reading-C.L.-Wien-F.-2009.pdf
United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. Indigenous peoples, Indigenous voices factsheet:
who are indigenous peoples? Retrieved on March 30, 2021 from:

Allan, B. and Smylie, J. (2015). First Peoples, second-class treatment: The role of racism in the health and
well-being of Indigenous peoples in Canada. Toronto ON: the Wellesley Institute. (English only) Retrieved
March 30, 2021 from: http://www.wellesleyinstitute.com/publications/first-peoples-second-classtreatment/

Chandler, MJ & Lalonde, CE. (1998) Cultural Continuity as a Hedge against Suicide in Canada’s First
Nations. Journal of Transcultural Psychiatry 35(2):193-211. Retrieved March 30, 2021 from:

Indigenous Health Committee and Office of Health Policy and Communications. 2019. Four documents:
Indigenous health values and principles statement (2nd ed. 2019)
Indigenous Health Primer (2019)
Cultural safety guidance for clinicians during the COVID-19 pandemic
Indigenous health content in postgraduate medical education: An environmental scan
Ottawa: The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. Retrieved March 30, 2021 from:

Wilson, D. et al. 2013. Health Professionals working with First Nations, Inuit and Métis consensus
guideline. J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2013;35(6 eSuppl):S1–S52. Companion document: Health Professionals
Working with First Nations, Inuit and Métis: Companion Piece and other documents on Indigenous
Women’s health can be found at link below. Retrieved March 30, 2021:

Indigenous Health Working Group. 2015. Health and Health Care Implications of Systemic Racism on
Indigenous Peoples in Canada factsheet. Toronto: College of Family Physicians of Canada. Retrieved
Sept. 7, 2021:

Kitty D, Funnell S, eds. 2020. CanMEDS-Family Medicine Indigenous Health Supplement. Mississauga, ON:
The College of Family Physicians of Canada Indigenous Health Committee. Retrieved March 31, 2021:

Gone, J. P. (2013). Redressing First Nations historical trauma: Theorizing mechanisms for indigenous
culture as mental health treatment. Transcultural Psychiatry, 50(5), 683-706.

Bombay, A., Matheson, K. & Anisman, H. 2014. The intergenerational effects of Indian Residential Schools:
Implications for the concept of historical trauma. Transcult Psychiatry. 2014 Jun; 51(3): 320–338.
Retrieved March 30, 2021 from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4232330

National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health – Selected documents and other resources:

Reading, J. & Halseth, R. (2013). Pathways to Improving Well-Being for Indigenous Peoples: How Living
Conditions Decide Health. Prince George, BC: National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health.
Retrieved March 30, 2021 from:

National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health. 2016. Transforming Our Realities: The Determinants
of Health and Indigenous Peoples Proceedings Report. Retrieved March 30, 2021.
English link: https://www.ccnsa-nccah.ca/docs/determinants/RPT-TransformingRealitiesSDOH-EN.pdf

Greenwood, M, De Leeuw, S, and Lindsay, NM (Editors). 2018. Determinants of Indigenous peoples’
health in Canada: beyond the social. Second Edition. Toronto ON: Canadian Scholars Press.
Retrieved March 30, 2021 from:

Reading, C. L. and Wien F. (2009). Health inequalities and social determinants of Aboriginal peoples’
health. Prince George B. C.: National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health. Retrieved March 31,
2021: https://www.nccah-ccnsa.ca/docs/social%20determinates/nccah-loppie-wien_report.pdf

National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health. Anti-Indigenous Racism in Canada.
All retrieved March 31, 2021: English webpage: https://www.nccih.ca/en/index.aspx?sortcode=

There are 3 factsheets on racism on this webpage:

Understanding Racism – Charlotte Reading PhD,

Indigenous Experiences with Racism and its Impacts – Samantha Loppie, Charlotte Reading &
Sarah de Leeuw

Policies, programs and strategies to address anti-Indigenous racism: A Canadian Perspective –
Charlotte Reading PhD


National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation website
All TRC links below retrieved March 30, 2021

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Collection of TRC final report, other reports including
Calls to Action and related documents.

Click below to learn about traditional territories!


Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. 2015. Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future:
Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation of Canada. (Available in English only).

Accredited On-line Training

San’yas Cultural Safety Training. (BC). Retrieved March 31, 2021 from: https://www.sanyas.ca/training

Cancer Care Ontario. Indigenous Relationship and Cultural Safety Courses. Retrieved March 31, 2021
from: https://www.cancercareontario.ca/en/resources-first-nations-inuit-metis/first-nations-inuitmetis-courses

Sanyas Training in Ontario factsheet. See accompanying document.

University of Alberta Indigenous Canada on-line course (free). Learn about key issues facing Indigenous
peoples and building relationships. (English only). Retrieved Sept. 8, 2021 :


(most are available at uOttawa library, some in electronic format)

Halfbreed – by Maria Campbell

The Reason You Walk – by Waub Kinew

Bearskin Diary – by Carol Daniels

Indian Horse – by Richard Wagamese

Midnight Sweatlodge – by Waubgeshig Rice

Passage – by Gwen Benaway

They Called Me Number One – by Bev Sellars

A Two-Spirit Journey: The Autobiography of a Lesbian Ojibwa-Cree Elder – by Ma-Nee Chacaby

Moon of the Crusted Snow: A Novel – by Waubgeshig Rice

Split Tooth – by Tanya Tagaq


Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada by Canadian Geographic. Retrieved Sept. 8, 2021:

The winter we danced: voices from the past, the future, and the Idle No More movement – by Kino-ndaniimi Collective
Moving Aboriginal Health Forward: Discarding Canada’s legal barriers – by Yvonne Boyer

The Inconvenient Indian: A Curious Account of Native People in North America – by Thomas King

Medicine unbundled: a journey through the minefields of Indigenous health care – by Gary Geddes

Separate beds: a history of Indian hospitals in Canada, 1920s-1980s – by Maureen Lux

Healing histories: stories from Canada’s Indian hospitals – by Laurie Meijer Drees

Administering Colonial Science: Nutrition Research and Human Biomedical Experimentation in Aboriginal

Communities and Residential Schools, 1942–1952 – by Ian Mosby

Clearing the Plains: Disease, politics of starvation, and the loss of Aboriginal life – by James W. Daschuk

Seven Fallen Feathers – by Tanya Talaga

From the Ashes: My Story of Being Métis, Homeless, and Finding My Way – by Jesse Thistle

Indigenous Writes – by Chelsea Vowel

21 Things you may not know about the Indian Act: Helping Canadians make reconciliation with Indigenous
Peoples a reality – by Bob Joseph


Society of Rural Physicians of Canada (SRPC) Indigenous Health webpage:

Moving towards Cultural Safety, Reconciliation and Anti-racism – Dr. Darlene Kitty, Dr. Nadin
Gilroy, Dr. Baijayanta Mukhopadhyay and Dr. Gabe Woollam (Moderator).

Jordan, Joyce and Justice: Decolonizing Healthcare for Indigenous Children and Youth – Dr. Raven
Dumont-Maurice, Dr. Samir Shaheen-Hussain, Ms. Alisha Tukkiapik, Ms. Teyohá:te Brant and Dr.
Darlene Kitty (Moderator)


(links verified March 31, 2021)

Nîpawistamâsowin: We Will Stand Up
The death of a young Cree man, Colten Boushie captures international attention and raises disturbing
questions about racism in Canada’s legal system.

Birth of a Family
Sixties Scoop: three sisters and a brother, adopted as infants into separate families across North America,
meet together for the first time

Angry Inuk
The film interweaves the reality of Inuit life with the story of their challenge to both the anti-sealing
industry and those nations that mine resources on Inuit lands

The Pass System
*Available at the uOttawa Library
This powerful film draws from Elders’ memories and historical artifacts in order to detail the history of
The Pass System – yet another example of the regulation and control of Indigenous people through
colonial policies created by the Canadian State

This River
MMIWG: This short documentary offers an Indigenous perspective on the devastating experience of
searching for a loved one who has disappeared.

We Were Children
The profound impact of the Canadian government’s residential school system is conveyed through the
eyes of two children who were forced to face hardships beyond their years

Colonization Road
Ryan McMahon travels across Ontario learning about Colonization Roads, the ways in which they have
dispossessed Indigenous people of land and access to traditional territories while creating space for
settlers in the colonial experiment that has become Canada.

The Oka Legacy
A POV documentary that explores how the Oka Crisis has transformed contemporary Indigenous identity
in Canada.

The Invisible nation.
Richard Desjardins and Robert Monderie tell the story of the Algonquin Nation of Quebec and denounce
their current living conditions.

We are Métis. Short documentary by Kikino Metis Children and Family Services Society.

Richard Cardinal: Cry from the diary of a Métis child

History of the Métis Jig Dance

Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG)
KAIROS resource: MMIWG Films and Documentaries (English only)


Indian Horse – based on novel by Richard Wagamese, directed by Stephen S. Campanelli – movie trailer:

Attawapiskat: Canada’s Third World People
Attawapiskat – Canada’s Third World “People” – YouTube

The Necessities of Life (movie trailer)

Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner (Inuktitut with English subtitles) movie trailer

The Snow Walker (movie)

The Grizzlies (trailer)

The Life you want

TV and Videos

NFB Indigenous Voices and Reconciliation Channel

Legacy of Hope Foundation videos
– Where are the Children? Healing the legacy of Residential Schools
– We were so far away – The Inuit experience of Residential Schools
– Other videos including survivor testimonials

Strong Medicine
Strong Medicine is an educational video developed by the Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network and CATIE,
with and for Indigenous people living with HIV.

CBC Short docs:
Through our eyes: Indigenous short docs

Three recommended short docs to see

Twilight Dancers
A group of Indigenous teenagers from Pimicikamak Cree Nation use square dancing to help heal from the
trauma of a suicide epidemic in their small, remote community.

Run as One: The Journey of the Front Runners
In 1967 ten Indigenous athletes ran the Pan Am Games torch from Minneapolis to Winnipeg. Just before
they entered the opening ceremonies, the torch was handed to a white athlete.

This River
Kyle Kematch’s sister went missing 5 years ago. Katherena Vermette’s brother disappeared 20 years ago.
Their stories exemplify the grace, resilience, and activism born from need to do something.

Other short documentaries available:

Maamuitaau – Current affairs TV show on James Bay Cree (English only). Retrieved April 5, 2021:

APTN Documentaries (English only). Retrieved April 5, 2021: